What makes us human after all? MODU’s designs are grounded in three core values: indoor urbanism, second nature, and the incomplete whole


Indoor Urbanism

MODU leverages indoor urbanism to conceive of architecture with fewer boundaries, which manifest themselves in both environmental and social connectivity. Architecture is not simply the middle scale of the built environment, but the space where the urban and interior scales intersect. Merging these two opposing scales prompts the borders around architecture to recede, changing how we experience the public spaces in our cities as well as the interior spaces within buildings. People thrive in connected spaces designed for their health and well-being.

Second Nature

MODU defines a second nature as an architecture and nature that are extensions of each other, reimagining the boundary where the inside ends and the outside begins. Architecture as a cultural discipline should be adaptive to more environmental forces, such as weather dynamics. This adaptability fosters engaging experiences that connect the indoors to the outdoors through social gathering spaces. Providing this contact with the natural world enriches our lives in urban environments and provides meaningful everyday experiences.

Incomplete Wholes

The incomplete whole is integral to MODU’s design approach: architecture itself is never complete, as it embodies many potential scenarios and outcomes. Perhaps architecture can never be completed, but can be made whole in connecting people to each other through the environment. Living with the environment is a meaningful experience. MODU has also conducted extensive research on another kind of incomplete: physically incomplete projects in cities around the world that we reconceive as catalysts for urban transformation.

Copyright 2019 by MODU Architecture, PLLC